Corporate Liability for Environmental Harm: considerations under the Brazilian model

environment brazil river amazon

In countries with great environmental potential, it is common for natural resources to become one of the main sources of national income through public and private investments. In this scenario, Brazil is a reference nation on the subject: in addition to being one of the countries with the greatest ecosystem diversity in the world, the […]

Climate Change through the Courts: Trends in Environmental Litigation

Environmental litigation is on the rise as individuals and organisations come to the courts to hold corporations and governments to account under their environmental and human rights obligations. This article provides an overview of recent landmark climate change cases and litigation trends. Milieudefensie v Shell Case On 26 May 2021, the Dutch District Court of […]

How to plead novel issues of foreign law in the English, French, and German courts

Over the past year, students at Sciences Po Law Clinic (Bianca Florea, Enora Lewandowski and Leticia Lopes) have been working with PGMBM on a project investigating the way foreign law is interpreted in the English, French and German courts. Their findings have been published in a report. This post discusses one of the questions considered […]

Class action lawsuits go mainstream

Class action lawsuits used to have an image problem. Too big and too American, they were accused of fuelling an ambulance-chasing legal culture and filling the pockets of opportunistic lawyers. Over the past 12 months, however, the mood has altered. Despite the size and unruliness of their cases, large claimant groups are making headway in […]

Government facing legal action over ‘unlawful’ hotel quarantine policy

Hotel quarantine

A second judicial review is being sought by PGMBM for the Government’s controversial hotel quarantine policy. The Government could end up paying tens of millions of pounds in compensation if they do not change their approach. In July 2021, in the first phase of the judicial review, PGMBM forced the Government into a U-turn on hotel […]

Volkswagen and BMW fined $1 billion for emissions cleaning technology

A $1 billion fine has been given to Volkswagen and BMW by the European Commission for ‘colluding to curb the use of emissions cleaning technology’.   While the case is separate from the Dieselgate scandal, which surrounds the use of emissions cheating devices, the fine sets a precedent by extending the application of European competition law to […]

Dieselgate: The VZBZ file lawsuit against Mercedes owners Daimler


Germany’s largest consumer protection group has filed a lawsuit against Daimler to help Mercedes owners get redress over the Dieselgate scandal.  If successful, the lawsuit will set a precedent that would allow Mercedes GLC and GLK car owners to gain compensation over software allegedly used to trick emissions tests in the diesel emissions scandal.  According […]

Sorry, I don’t speak Legalese: Class Action

A class action is when a large group of affected people form a collective claim over a common legal issue. A class action is also sometimes called group litigation.   The class action will form one single claim of representative action against a defendant, person, or organisation for alleged wrongdoing.  Types of class action  Some types […]